Fire protection is an increasingly important part of today’s building industry largely due to urbanization. The more concentrated environments we live in, the higher the risk is for a life-threatening fire to spread quickly. Our buildings and structures need protection against this imminent threat. Consistent use of integrated, passive fire protection is the most effective way to minimize this risk and protect people’s lives, their property and the environment.
Sika fire protection systems have been developed to protect and preserve major building components like steel, wood and concrete, which are mainly used in the following markets:
- Transport and infrastructure
- Healthcare, education, leisure and culture
- Residential, commercial and administration buildings
- Pharmaceutical, chemical and electronic plants
Each of these markets have specific requirements in terms of fire resistance classes, application, and design. Sika is able to provide tailor-made solutions with fire resistance from 15 minutes up to 150 minutes.
Seals and Penetrations as Weak Points after Fire Breakouts
Modern building frameworks are interspersed with multiple utility and network services including cables, pipes and ventilation ducts in both horizontal and vertical directions, resulting in countless penetrations through most of the walls and floors. Each of these penetrations and every joint between different building structures, elements and areas, is potentially a passage for the spread of flames, heat and toxic smoke into adjoining rooms and areas, which – in the worst case – may result in uncontrolled fire propagation throughout the entire building.
Active versus Passive Fire Protection
This is where passive fire protection comes into play. While active fire protection systems such as sprinklers can extinguish fires, passive fire protection is designed to prevent the spread of fire and contain it in defined compartments to minimize damage and even more importantly, to allow people in other areas the time to evacuate safely. In the event of a fire, the heat and smoke will spread through penetrations and joints in walls and floors, causing damage, endangering people and potentially also blocking escape routes.
Passive Fire Protection – An Essential Asset for Occupants and Owners
- Limits the spread of fire by containing it in a single compartment in its area of origin
- Slows the spread of toxic gas and black smoke, allowing people more time to escape more safely
- Provides vital escape time for people during fire incidents
- Protects escape routes, building structure and critical structural members
- Minimizes costs to rebuild after the fire
- Protects owners’ built assets